HISTORIC WALKING TOUR
Walking Tour Background Information
RIPLEY’S HISTORIC HOMES WALKING TOUR
Underground Railroad sites are indicated as UGRR
A project of several years came to fruition in 1985 when Ripley’s historic district was listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The 55-acre historic district is believed to be the largest in Ohio for a town of its size. The buildings in the historic district reflect the village’s history from the settlement in 1804 until the last major flood of 1937. Soon after the town was platted in 1812, the earliest brick row house was built about 1816 by Colonel James Poage, the founder of the town. Although not all three portions were built at once, they were probably built before Poage’s death in 1820. Colonel Poage, a surveyor in Virginia for 30 years and a veteran of the Revolutionary War, was a staunch Presbyterian who was taught to hate slavery.
Colonel Poage attracted other southern abolitionists to the settlement. They included Dr. Alexander Campbell, Ripley’s first physician and Ohio’s first abolitionist, and Rev. John Rankin, the fiery Presbyterian minister. Rankin’s notoriety as an abolitionist spread throughout the south where it was reported certain masters in Kentucky offered a reward for the assassination or abduction of either Campbell or Rankin.
The Ripley Historic District is both historically and architecturally significant because it is the best preserved example of an ante-bellum Ohio River town in the state of Ohio. Every major event that caused this town to grow and develop happened by the time of the Civil War, and every impact is related to the town’s location on the Ohio River.
Rankin House- UGRR
Look up to the top of the hill behind Ripley and you will see a small red brick house that was the home of famed Abolitionit Rev. John Rankin. As Parker rescued fleeing slaves from the shores of Kentucky and rowed them across the Ohio River, he sent them to the top of the hill to Rev. Rankin who was able to feed, cloth and rest them before taking them on to the next stop along the UGRR route. Be sure to drive or hike to Rankin House to visit this National Historic Monument.
300 Front Street - John P. Parker House
UGRR and National Historic Monument
Begin your walk/hike at the home of John P. Parker. This is the restored home of John P. Parker, a noted African-American entrepreneur, inventor and abolitionist. Born into slavery in Virginia in 1827, Parker purchased his freedom as a young man in Alabama. Parker later settled in Ripley, where he became a self-trained iron manufacturer, established the Phoenix Foundry and invented the Parker Portable Screw Press (for tobacco) and a soil pulverizer. Parker was one of the few African-Americans to obtain a U.S. patent before 1900. During the antebellum years, Parker became an important, if unheralded, conductor on the Underground Railroad, risking his life to aid more than nine hundred fugitive slaves in their journey to freedom. Parker also recruited soldiers for the Twenty-seventh United States Colored Troops during the Civil War.
234 N. Front Street - The Signal House
One of Ripley’s greatest Civil War heroes and Commander of a wooden gunboat, Rear Admiral Joseph Fyffe, built this wooden frame dwelling close to the water, a location he loved best. He married the daughter of General Granville Moody also a famous veteran. It features beautiful Victorian furnishings. Its owners have named it “The Signal House” and operate a Bed and Breakfast Inn for visitors, who like Admiral Fyffe love to sit and enjoy the river with its sweeping vistas.
230 N. Front Street - 1930s Arts and Crafts Home
1930s home built with Arts and Crafts style.
226 N. Front Street - 1837 Victorian Home built by Carey Alexander Campbell
This beautiful home was built in 1837 during the ownership of Carey Alexander Campbell, son of Senator Alexander Campbell. The
valuation of the land was $225. When Carey Campbell began building the home the land value jumped to $694, possibly because of his famous father who was a man of importance. The home was originally classic Federal style with no porches or gingerbread. The Victorian style porches and decorative trim were added around 1897. The current owners have restored the home to its earlier beauty making it one of the Front Street showpieces.
224-222-220 Front Street - UGRR - Red Brick Row Apartments
The red brick row apartments were home of Rev. John Rankin before he moved to his home atop the hill overlooking Ripley. Be sure to read the plaque in front of the home commemorating this site. Immediately to the side of this structure please note one of the many alleys that run from the rive up to the hills. These poorly lit corridors were most likely the pathways used by escaping slaves rather than the wider and more developed streets.
1800s Uphill Alley -
Example of one of the many alleys leading up the hill. Escaping slaves may have used this route in the 1800s on their way to Rev. Rankin who would give them refuge.
208 N. Front Street - UGRR -Thomas McCague Home
The home honors an Underground Railroad hero, Thomas McCague. The marker reads, “This tablet marks the home of Thomas McCague, an ardent anti-slavery advocate. On one occasion, John Parker, as underground conductor, being pursued, brought a party of slaves to this house at break of day. McCague said, “It’s daylight, don’t stop.” His wife, Aunt Kitty, said, “Daylight or no daylight, Parker, bring them in.”
206 Front Street - Thomas Kirker Home - Ripley College
This is known the Kirker House, located at 206 Front Street. Its marker reads, “In 1838 Mr. Thomas Kirker resided in this house, with whom General U. S. Grant boarded, while attending the Whitmore private school; his parents living in Georgetown.” The school was later Ripley College.
204 N. Front Street - Thomas Collins Home
Known as “The Thomas Collins House,” this Federalist Style home is marked with a tablet that reads, “This tablet marks the home of Thomas Collins. Englishman, cabinet maker, chief conductor of the Underground Railroad. Its portals were always open, through this door stole refugees innumerable, the night was never too dark, nor the journey too long for its owner to
issue forth leading the helpless across the hills to freedom.” The interior has been restored and furnished with Classical Period elegance.
Mulberry Street - 1825 Baird House
Leave N. front Street when lreaching Mulberry and walk 1.5 blocks to the corner of Mulberry and Front on the left. The Baird homestead was occuped by three generations of Bairds from 1845 to 1973. The house was built in 1825. The ball room section was added in the 1940s by the Bairds. An important feature of the house is the wrought-irn lace porch and balcony which was purchased from the Rankin Ironworks of CIncinnati and was shipped by packet boat to Ripley. Second generation, Chambers Baird, Jr. was born in 1986. It was he who most contributed to the town of Ripley, as a prominent attorney, editor of the Ripley Bee, Mayor, Presbyterian and Republican.
136 N. Front Street - Italianate Style Home
136 N. Front Street is the site of an important UGRR conductor whose log cabin no longer exists. His story may be read on the plaque that is near the sidwalk. The current home in Italianate style which was a popular Victorian era style The home was originally built at grounf level in 1875 and because of floods was raised around 1915.
128 N. Front Street - Col. James Poage Row Houses
The row houses surrounding 128 N. Front were built in the early 1800s by the founder of Ripley, Col. James Poage. He lived at 128 with his office at the left and a home for his daughter on the right.
122 N. Front Street - Queen Anne Style Home
This Queen Anne style home was built in 1885 and is characterized by a steep roof, complicated symmetrical shape, a one-story porch that extends across one or two sides of the house, wall surfaces with decorative shingles, ornamental spindles or brackets and bay windows. It was the home of John E. Kirkpatrick and later John Robert Stivers from an early Ripley banking family. The current owners have recently remodeled.
114 N. Front Street- UGRR - Alexander Campbell Home
One of most magnificent homes on Ripley’s River Walk is the Campbell House. The plaque honoring Sen. Campbell reads, “Senator Alexander Campbell. Doctor, merchant and anti-slavery leader, a Virginian by birth, he moved to Ohio in 1803, freeing his slaves. U.S. Senator from 1809 to 1813. At the burning of the Capitol by the British he rode out of Washington never to return.” The Greek Revival-style dominated American architecture during the period c. 1818-1860. With details reminiscent of the Greek Parthenon, stately, pillared Greek Revival homes reflect a passion for antiquity. They often feature symmetrical shape, heavy cornices, bold simple moldings, entry porch with columns and narrow windows around the front door.
110-104 N. Front Street - Row Houses
These 1800s row houses are among the oldest in Ripley. It is believed they were once part of the commercial area of Ripley and were shop fronts.
102 N. Front Street - 1880s Victorian "Painted Lady" Home
This home is a good example of an 1800’s Victorian style, “painted lady.”
14 N. Front Street - Bank Building
Known as “The Bank Building” this is the site of one of earliest banks in Ripley.
Front Street Monument
The Ripley Monument- once a landmark on Front Street at the foot of Main Street. The Monument has been removed for restoration,
This monument featured the founders and early heroes of Ripley.